Dima Hasao District

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Economic scenario of Dima Hasao District district is not very encouraging. Geographical remoteness coupled with poor communication, as well as infra-structural facilities are the main factors behind the low level of development. However, in spite of the gloomy scenario, prospects of Agriculture, Horticulture and Forestry are bright.      

Agriculture : Entire rural people of the district is dependent upon Agriculture. A distinctive feature as regards to agricultural practices of the tribal people in the district is jhumming which is the traditional way of their life. This is in fact a shifting process of cultivation in cycles. About 70% of the total cultivated area is jhumming area. This cultivation is done in Autumn season either as a single crop or sometimes as mixed crop along with Maize, Zinger, Turmeric, Chillies and Vegetables etc.

Some horticultural crops cultivation, viz. pieapple, orange, papaya and banana occupies a vital role in agricultural economy of the district.

Winter paddy cultivation in flat lands mostly in river valleys is done only in Rabi season. Efforts have been made by the departments of Agriculture, Soil conservation and Irrigation to boost up the agricultural economy by some modern methods. Though economic impact of Jumming can not be ruled out at present, it has many drawbacks. It turns the hill slopes barren by soil erosion and it is less productive and does not commensurate with time, labour and investment. Keeping this in view some private sector and some public sector undertaking has taken up Coffee and Rubber cultivation in different localities of the district. Some Agro-based industries are being established so that cultivators become interested to new types of cultivation that feed industries.

Farming : Livestock and Poultry occupy an important place in the rural economy. Buffalo, pig etc are the most common livestock animals while hen and duck comprise the poultry birds.  

Forestry : The major forest products consists of timber, cane, bamboo etc. Other minor forest products include Agar, Chalmugra etc. Boulders and gravels in the river beds along with stones are also available.                       

Industry :  Cement factories, saw-mills etc. are the private organized sector industries in the district. There are four Cement Plants in this district. Also, NEEPCO has established Kopili Hydel Project at Umrangso which produces sizable quantity of electricity. Apart from these, weaving is also considered to be a household industry in this district.  Large areas have been covered by Eri & Mulbarry farm. Assam Hill Small Industrial Development corporation has established a fruit preservation unit at Jatinga.

Minerals :  Limestone and coal in small quantity are found in the neighborhood of Garampani i.e. from Khorangma to Gorampani. Carbonaceous shale is available in Baga area. Good quality of limestone, low in magnesia and suitable for cement manufacturing is also available.